tb case finding in small scale miners

Ghana Priorities Tuberculosis Copenhagen Consensus Center

TB screening in specific high-risk populations, termed Active Case Finding ACF , has been demonstrated in Ghana and other settings to yield a significant number of additional cases that would otherwise go undetected Yuen et al, 2015 , refer to the technical appendix for estimates of ACF target population size and TB prevalence...

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A systematic review of the number needed to screen to ,

case-finding, ranging from population-wide screening to targeted case-finding in high risk groups such as health care workers, HIV positive individuals, and miners Another group frequently targeted for screening, particularly in the industrialized world, are contacts of known TB cases, who have an increased risk due to their known exposure...

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Africa s miners face new TB threat as pandemic disrupts ,

Oct 26, 2020 0183 32 Sibanda and Jele warned that helping illegal, informal miners was an even bigger challenge An estimated 30 million people are involved in artisanal or small-scale mining globally and 30-40 of ....

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Feasibility of achieving the 2025 WHO global tuberculosis ,

Nov 01, 2016 0183 32 Findings Aggressive scale-up of any single intervention scenario could not achieve the post-2015 End TB Strategy targets in any country However, the models projected that, in the South Africa national tuberculosis programme scenario, a combination of continuous isoniazid preventive therapy for individuals on antiretroviral therapy, expanded facility-based ,...

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Employee Motivation and Work Performance A Comparative ,

gathering data from four large-scale Gold mining companies in Ghana with regards to their policies and structures in the effectiveness of motivational tools and strategies used by these compani Findings The study observed that, due to ,...

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HIV, Tuberculosis, silicosis threaten artisanal miners ,

Oct 18, 2021 0183 32 The research is titled Tuberculosis TB and silicosis burden in artisanal and small-scale gold miners in a large occupational health outreach programme in Zimbabwe Presenting findings of the....

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Spatial patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis TB cases in ,

Apr 08, 2021 0183 32 GIS and scan statistics were successfully applied to determine the extent to which TB cases were clustered in space at district level in Zimbabwe The observed hotspots and clustering in districts with intense small scale mining activities may indicate social determinants of TB disease aiding high transmission...

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Artisanal and Small

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining occurs in approximately 80 countries worldwide There are approximately 100 million artisanal miners globally Artisanal and small-scale production supply accounts for 80 of global sapphire, 20 of gold mining and up to 20 of diamond mining It is widespread in developing countries in Africa, Asia, Oceania ....

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Africa s miners face new TB threat as pandemic disrupts ,

Oct 26, 2020 0183 32 There are 2,500-3,000 TB cases reported per 100,000 mineworkers in , An estimated 30 million people are involved in artisanal or small-scale mining globally and 30-40 of this takes place ....

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The social and economic impacts of gold mining

case as recently as 2008 , It is recognised that the numbers of people employed in artisanal and small-scale gold mining can also be significant in some countri However, as previously noted ....

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Telomere length and outcome of treatment for pulmonary ,

Feb 17, 2021 0183 32 In this artisanal and small-scale gold mining community, we investigated if artisanal miners were more likely to have worse clinical presentations and/or poorer outcomes of PTB than non-miners ....

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How Prison Conditions Fuel the Tuberculosis Epidemic ,

Jul 19, 2018 0183 32 Advocates gathering at the UNHLM plan to make this their rallying cry to heads of state With a strong commitment to finding TB cases, including those hiding in plain sight in prison populations, and support from member states for an independent and regular progress assessment, the meeting cane be a turning point in the drive to end this disease...

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11 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT

and entails greater safety risks than strip mining, including open-pit mining While most large-scale mining projects involve open-pit mining, many large underground mines are in operation around the world 1134 Reworking of inactive or abandoned mines and tailings Some mining projects involve the reworking...

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Impact of Targeted Tuberculosis Vaccination Among a Mining ,

Jun 02, 2017 0183 32 Comparisons of mine- and community-targeted vaccin A Cumulative number of tuberculosis TB cases averted over time by the 2 vaccination campaigns when the miners red lines and the labor-sending community gray lines were targeted B The 2 histograms show the distributions of total TB cases averted over the 20-year period in each campaign...

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Reducing Lead and Silica Dust Exposures in Small

Dec 08, 2018 0183 32 To our knowledge, this is the first intervention to reduce lead or silica dust exposures in artisanal small-scale mining Previously, we have demonstrated that exposures to respirable dust and silica are generally higher in these operations than in large-scale mining Gottesfeld et al, 2015...

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Role of community

Oct 29, 2019 0183 32 The barriers to access diagnosis and receive treatment, in addition to insufficient case identification and reporting, lead to tuberculosis TB spreads in communities, especially among hard-to-reach populations This study evaluated a community-based active case finding ACF strategy for the detection of tuberculosis cases among high-risk groups and general ,...

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Articles, case studies, technical and conference reports are invited for submission Read our preparing articles page Read our author guidelines Having problems or unable to log in? Please email submissionssupport inderscience with as much information as possible, including your full name and username ....

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SAfrican gold firms to pay 32 million to sick ex

Mar 04, 2016 0183 32 The compensation follows a landmark case won by 23 claimants in 2013 , Silica dust in small-scale gold mining linked to silicosis and TB epidemic , Research suggests mining in Africa is ....

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WHO guidelines on tuberculosis infection prevention and ,

TB prevalence The number of TB cases all forms at a given point in time2 IPC interventions Hierarchy of infection prevention and control measures TB prevention and control consists of a combination of measures designed to minimize the risk of M tuberculosis transmission within populations A three-level hierarchy of...

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Artisanal and Small

Nov 16, 2020 0183 32 Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Without Mercury In many countries, elemental mercury is used in artisanal and small-scale gold mining Mercury is mixed with gold-containing materials, forming a mercury-gold amalgam which is then heated, vaporizing the mercury to obtain the gold This process can be very dangerous and lead to significant ....

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Prevalence and risk factors of latent tuberculosis ,

Introduction Tuberculosis TB is the second leading cause of mortality from an infectious disease globally after the HIV infection1 In 2013, WHO estimated 9 million new TB cases and 15 million TB deaths globally, of which 80 of the cases and 70 of deaths were reported in low-income and middle-income countri2 Latent tuberculosis infection LTBI is defined as a state in ,...

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PDF Environmental Impacts of Mining A Study of Mining ,

Jul 02, 2015 0183 32 Over the years, the contribution of small-scale mining to total gold production in Ghana has been going up From an output of 17,234 oz 32 of Ghana`s total production in 1999, small-scale ....

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Africa s Miners Face New TB Threat As Pandemic Disrupts ,

There are 2,500-3,000 TB cases reported per 100,000 mineworkers in Southern Africa, according to the World Bank, a rate 10 times higher than what the ,...

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Women in Artisanal and Small

Artisanal and small-scale mining ASM has grown significantly with approximately 405 million people directly involved, and an additional 150 million dependent on the sector for their livelihood Though not often acknowledged, the role of women in ASM is ,...

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The Southern Africa TB in the Mining Sector Initiative

Feb 15, 2017 0183 32 Tuberculosis TB is a significant problem in the mining industry in Southern Africa In South Africa alone, TB rates within the mining workforce are estimated at 2,500-3,000 cases per 100,000 individuals This incidence is 10 times the WHO threshold for a health emergency, and is also nearly three times the incidence rate in the general ....

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The impact of mining on sustainable practices and the ,

May 08, 2020 0183 32 Ange KA 2014 Challenges and prospects of equitable benefits sharing in mining sector a case study of titanium mining in Kwale Country The University of Nairobi, Kenya Google Scholar Anyona, S and Rop, B, 2015, May The character and profile of artisanal and small-scale gemstone mining community in Taita Taveta county, Kenya...

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Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in Sub

Given that there were about 23 million incident cases in the countries studied in 2005, the estimated higher population risk corresponds to 760 000 more incident TB cas The size of the mining sector, measured as the number of mines operating in 2005, was also significantly associated with higher TB incidence B = 0197 95 CI = 0080, 0 ....

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Case finding of tuberculosis among mining communities in Ghana

Mar 18, 2021 0183 32 given the limited data on active tb case finding activities among small scale mining communities in ghana, the aim of the study was to assess the yield of tb cases from the tb screening activities among artisanal mining communities, the factors associated with tb in these communities and the correlation between the screening methods and a ,...

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HELP US REACH THEM

If treatment is incomplete, TB can come back, often, in a more resistant form People with TB also suffer discrimination and stigma, rejection and social isolation While there has been major progress in fighting TB, more needs to be done Nearly 22 million lives have been saved since 1995 There has been a 45 decrease in TB deaths since 1990...

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Risk factors associated with cluster size of Mycobacterium ,

Feb 08, 2018 0183 32 Tuberculosis TB transmission is influenced by patient-related risk, environment and bacteriological factors We determined the risk factors associated with cluster size of IS6110 RFLP based genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mtb isolates from Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil Cross-sectional study of new TB cases identified in the metropolitan area of Vitoria, ,...

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